What are The Different Types of Fractures?

If you’ve ever had to break bones, you realize how awful it can be. In some instances it is possible to feel the bone crack when it cracks, which can be extremely disconcerting and shocking. Then, pain that shoots into the body, and you are unable of moving the damaged part.

In other instances the injury develops slowly and you don’t notice that you have a problem till you experience the discomfort from the fracture.

Whatever personal experience you are a part of the fact that fractures can leave you in a state of discontent: the pain, inability to complete basic tasks on your own and also the interruption to work, sports, and other hobbies.

However, there are many different types of fractures that are to be the same. They can be caused by trauma, while at other times , they’re caused by repetitive movement or an underlying condition which weakens bones. The time to heal and the treatment process varies dependent on the kind of injury.

1. Stable Fracture

This is the kind of fracture that happens after trauma causes bone fragments to snap completely and its components remain aligned. This implies that the bone stays in its initial location.

Methods to Treat a Stable Broken Bone: Because this kind of fracture does not need realignment, the surgeon will put the bone in an elastic cast. Patients can also take prescription anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve discomfort.

2. Transverse Fracture

Transverse fractures are those which occurs at a 90-degree angle in straight line across the bones. It occurs when the force occurs perpendicularly to the place of injury.

treatment for transverse fracture: The doctor will realign the bones by using open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). external fixation with an open-reduction(ORIF). After the bone fragments have been aligned, an old-fashioned cast or splint is employed to hold the bone in place.

3. Comminuted Fracture

A comminuted fracture can leave the bone fragmented. It’s most frequent after an injury that is severe, like an automobile accident and is more likely to happen in the feet or hands.

Methods to Treat a Fracture that is Comminuted: Because the bones are being broken, this kind of fracture is treated with surgery to avoid further harm to organs and ligaments, nerves and veins.

4. Oblique Fracture

A fracture of the oblique occurs when the bone is broken in an angle. It is mostly on long bones like the femur, or the tibia. This kind of injury results in an obvious deformity under the skin.

The treatment for an Oblique Fracture The treatment is based on the extent that the injury has. When it’s just a mild break the treatment is conservative (such like immobilizing the bones by the aid of a cast) is sufficient. But there are occasions where the bones have to be repositioned and surgery is needed.

5. Compound Fracture

It is among the most serious injuries. A compound fracture or open fracture can occur when the bone cuts the skin when it fractures. Surgery is typically required due to the severity of the injury and the possibility of infection.

Methods to Treat a Compound Injury: This kind of injury is considered to be an emergency. Most likely, the patient will require surgery to clean up the region, eliminate debris, and fix the fracture. The patient will require the shot of tetanus and antibiotics.

6. Hairline Fracture

A hairline fracture can also be often referred to as the tension fracture and is most often seen in the feet and legs. It’s a result of repetitive motion and can occur whenever athletes abruptly increase the intensity or frequency of their workouts, such as running or jogging.

The symptoms include pain while participating in your chosen sport or when you are at rest or lying down; tenderness, swelling and bruises.

The treatment for hairline FractureThe most crucial step you can take to treat a stress fracture is to rest. You should take a break from exercise. In accordance with the extent of the injury, your doctor may recommend an appropriate resting period. Also, it is recommended to ice the injured area for 20 minutes at a stretch often throughout the day. Keep the leg or foot elevated.

7. Avulsion Fracture

Avulsion fractures are rupture at the place where bone connects to the ligament or tendon. If this happens the ligament or tendon takes off a piece of the bone that it’s attached to.

Treatment for an Avulsion fracture: Surgery is not required for the majority of Avulsion fractures unless the bone fragment that has been removed is located at a considerable separation from bone. Medical professionals will advise you to take a break and then apply ice to the injured area and suggest specific exercises to improve your range of motion.

8. Greenstick Fracture

In the case of a Greenstick break, one part of the bone fractures but isn’t completely broken. The bone that has been injured may break in the vicinity of the fracture. This kind of injury is very frequent in children.

Treatment for treatment of a Greenstick Fracture In the event that the fracture is bent the doctor can gently straighten the bone. Patients can also wear a splint that is removable as instead of a cast.

9. Spiral Fracture

The bone is torn by the forceful rotation of or twisting of an part of a. This causes a smooth fracture in which the bone is broken into two pieces.

The treatment of a spiral FractureThe process of healing for a fracture that is spiral-like is more difficult than other fracture types due to the twisting motion that creates sharp edges that cut into the bone. Surgery is usually required in the majority of instances to align the bones and put them back into place using rods, pins, or screws. Following surgery, patients wears an esthetic cast and go through physical therapy prior to returning to normal routine.

10. Pathological Fracture

The pathological fractures can occur when a person suffers from an illness that has affected their bones like osteoporosis, osteosarcoma, osteomyelitis or metabolic bone disorders.

Methods to Treat a pathological Broken bone:Treatment will depend on the cause of the fracture. If the disease doesn’t hinder the bone’s healing ability and heal, the patient will require an immobilization cast to restrain the leg. If the illness has weakened the body’s healing capabilities surgical intervention is necessary.

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